Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Morals - Essay Example Morals or making the wisest decision is communicated in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s corporate social duty and is the fundamental belief that drives and vivifies it. While morals dwells in the theoretical of standards of planning to make the best choice, corporate social obligation then again emerges this perfect through solid acts in the different tasks of the business. Morals in a business setting anyway is more difficult than one might expect and we need not to investigate far on how its absence can make an organization wayward, for example, the instances of Enron, Worldcom and numerous others. This disclose morals should be incorporated in the business organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s key arrangement. Placing practically speaking to deliver the perfect conduct of an association and its representatives can be a test and this can be conceivable by incorporating morals directly at the center of the vital arrangement. Business, with its benefit intention when left unchecked tends to turn to exploitativ e practice to acknowledge it benefit thought process and this must be forestalled by articulating at the center of companyÃ¢â¬â¢s qualities and procedures that it will work together morally. Finocchio, the previous CEO and executive of Informix Corp., communicated how morals is can solidly incorporate into the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s vital arrangement and at last, in the strategic approaches through its socially dependable acts. He endorsed that Ã¢â¬Å"ethics ought to be a piece of the organization's statement of purpose, long haul vital arrangement, open proclamations, and codes of conductÃ¢â¬ . This is the best way to make morals a foundation of the hierarchical culture by coordinating it in the center of the key arrangement directly at the meaning of the most fundamental inquiry of the business, for example, Ã¢â¬Å"what do we represent? What is our motivation? What esteems do we have?Ã¢â¬ (Schulman, 2012). The combination of morals in the key arrangement would fortify perfect con duct that the organization means to have and will empower the organization to extend a positive picture through their socially dependable acts that motivates certainty among its different partners that would improve its main concern as a business undertaking. II. Clarify moral viewpoint has advanced all through the program The changing business scene and the requests of the business different partners has changed the moral point of view from an insignificant privilege to a business basic. This is express in companyÃ¢â¬â¢s Corporate Social Responsibility not an expansion to a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s PR work but rather an unmistakable business practice whereby an organization doesn't just acclimates with the base necessity of the administrative offices yet in addition deliberately practice a moral business practice. Corporate social duty has likewise a financial worth. When CRM is coordinated in a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s culture, it strengthens that ideal conduct that help the goal of having a de cent brand that would empower the organization venture a positive picture that could at last prompted the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s certainty and subsequently improve the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s main concern. So, being moral is progressively beneficial for a business also that the organization is calmed not just from government indictment and fines since it generally makes the right decision yet in addition as an upper hand since clients presently will in general belittle organizations who are moral. Gone are times when business must be unfeeling in
Saturday, August 22, 2020
What are four elements of social responsibilityWhat sway do they have on advertising choices - Essay Example to financial turn of events while improving the personal satisfaction of the work power and their family just as the network and society at largeÃ¢â¬ Ã¢ (cited in Sims, 2003). Once more, Wartick and Cochran outlines CSR as Ã¢â¬Å"a business organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s arrangement of standards of social obligation, procedures of social responsiveness, and approaches, programs, and discernible results as they identify with the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural relationshipsÃ¢â¬ (Wartick and Cochran, 1985). CSR is anyway the most relevantly characterized by the World Business Council as Ã¢â¬Å"The proceeding with duty by business to carry on morally and add to monetary turn of events while improving the personal satisfaction of the workforce and their families just as of the nearby network and society at largeÃ¢â¬ (Holme and Watts, The World Business Council for Sustainable Development). One thought comes out obviously from the above definitions, and that is, CSR is an obligation to be performed by enterprises towards every one of its partners, and not just the investors. CSR can be separated into 4 essential measurements. These are The four up to referenced measurements structure the pyramid of social obligations, and are alluded to as the CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s CSR pyramid. As Carroll himself outlines it Ã¢â¬Å"corporate social duty includes the direct of a business with the goal that it is financially productive, honest, moral and socially steady. To be socially mindful at that point implies that productivity and acquiescence to the law are principal conditions while talking about the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s morals and the degree to which it bolsters the general public where it exists with commitments of cash, time and talentÃ¢â¬ (Carroll, 1983, p.608). At the exceptionally base is the monetary measurement that shapes the establishment for the various perspectives. Next, over the monetary measurement, comes the legitimate viewpoint, where the mantra is to follow and carry on carefully reasonably of the game. The law unmistakably outlines what is correct and what's going on, and the legitimate measurement essentially
Friday, August 14, 2020
November 1 Updates [Editors note in 2017: This post contains outdated contact information. If you are having trouble contacting your assigned EC, please email [emailprotected] or call the Admissions Office at 617-253-3400.] Its November 1. MIT Early Action applicants are wondering, whats next? And Regular Action applicants may be now starting their applications in earnest. Here are some updates from the Admissions Office Early Action Tracking: Please be patient with the MyMIT Tracking. We are currently processing more than 10,000 documents which have all arrived in just the past few days. Do not call or email looking for missing documents until we post a blog entry saying that we have processed all materials. It may take us up to two more weeks for your materials to show up on the tracking system. However, if you have submitted your materials by the deadline, you are fine for EA. Storm: Due to the devastating snowstorm that hit the northeastern United States this past weekend, we are extending our application deadline for students affected by the storm (i.e., those students who lost power for 24 hours or more). The new deadline for those students is November 6th, 2011, at 11:59 PM. For all other students, we will still require you to submit the application by the normal deadline, which is today. Interview: If you have already interviewed with your EC, or have scheduled your interview for the near future, you are all set. Do not worry if your interview report has not yet appeared on your MyMIT Tracking; the deadline for ECs to submit their reports has not yet arrived. If you wish, you may now fill out the conducted interview form and we will be sure to get the interview report. Midyear Report: I know that the Midyear Report box is sitting there, unchecked. Dont worry about this unless you are deferred from EA to RA. This form will not be made available until well after EA decisions are released. Decisions: The admissions officers will be reading these applications all of November into December. We have not yet determined on what date we will release EA decisions. It will likely be sometime in mid-December, but you should wait for an official announcement from our office. We have not yet determined when the announcement will be made; it usually is about a week before decisions are released. Regular Action Interviews: The deadline to contact your interviewer (EC) is December 10. My recommendation, though, is to contact your EC before Thanksgiving, or even to do it now, if youre reading this. Your ECs contact information can be found on your MyMIT application portal. (Students with waived interviews are at no disadvantage.) If your EC has not gotten back to you, but it has been only a short time since you made contact (say, a week), be patient. By having contacted the EC before the deadline, you have taken your important step. If your EC has not gotten back to you, and it has been a long time (say, two weeks with multiple attempts to contact), please either call the Educational Council at 617-258-5510 or email us at interview at mit dot edu. Recommendations: Recommendation forms are available on your MyMIT portal. It is okay if your teacher or counselor does not include the MIT cover sheet with their letter. We prefer to receive it, but letters without it are at no disadvantage. We will accept your schools own forms, the NACAC forms, or the Common App forms. You can submit teacher letters and school forms (such as transcripts) in three ways. Please use only one method; duplicate submission will only slow down the processing. If your school uses Naviance/Docufide to submit letters of evaluation and transcripts, your school can send these documents directly to MIT, a registered Docufide Document recipient. This is true even though MIT doe snot use the Common App; submission of materials works in the same way. We encourage you to have your school use Naviance/Docufide over other means of document submission, if possible. Please do not send additional copies via fax or mail. You can fax the documents to us. All letters must be typed or written on official school letterhead and signed by the evaluator. Letters not on school letterhead and not signed by evaluators will not be accepted. Please do not send additional copies via Docufide or mail. Documents may be faxed to: (617) 687-9184. You can mail documents to us. All letters must be typed or written on official school letterhead and signed by the evaluator. Letters not on school letterhead and not signed by evaluators will not be accepted. Please do not send additional copies via Docufide or fax. Envelopes may be addressed to: MIT Admissions; Room 10-100; 77 Massachusetts Avenue; Cambridge, MA 02139. Supplemental Information: For art, music, and athletic supplements, please follow the instructions on the website. For any other supplemental information that needs to be sent, please include the MIT Supplemental Document Cover Sheet from MyMIT for any additional documents you send. It helps with filing. (Documents without the cover sheet will be fine, too, as long as there is enough information for us to match the document with your file.) Other schools: I know that many regular action applicants are applying early (action, decision, or otherwse) to another school. I still encourage you to work on your MIT application in the meantime. Working on the MIT RA application, and even submitting documents, is not a violation of an ED or SCEA agreement that I am aware of. Of particular importance is the interview: MITs deadline for contacting your interviewer is December 10, which is before most early admissions decisions are released. You should schedule your interview before December 10, even if you are awaiting another schools decision. Interviews are strongly recommended. In fact, last year, of eligible applicants, we admitted 12.4% of those who had an interview (or who had their interview waived) but only 1.4% of those who chose not to interview. Tracking: Application tracking is available on MyMIT after you submit your Part 1. For this reason, I recommend submitting your Part 1 sooner rather than later, so that you can track your documents.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Hello again, Alexa here, back in my home town safe and sound. Words cannot express how grateful and blessed I truly am to have had your financial and prayer support these past six months! Costa Rica has been not only an adventure, but also a journey. It was an adventure because I was able to go somewhere with a new culture, different ideas, and unfamiliar faces. The foreign aspect of the trip allowed me to place my total trust in God. I ventured up mountains and played fÃ ºtbol (soccer) in the dirt. I served in villages so dangerous, even ambulances were instructed not to go in and help. I witnessed little ones cry tears of joy when they were given a soccer ball to keep but also their eyes light up with excitement when I taught them how to apply temporary tattoos! Moreover, Costa Rica was a journey because of what i underwent spiritually throughout my time there serving. I was humbled and made more culturally aware especially in regards to the needs and struggles Costa Ricans face e veryday. The second day in Costa Rica we spent at a church in a secluded village near the valleys. Each of us had a station whether it be face painting, passing out bags of different foods (rice, tuna, vegetables, beans, and other canned foods), dancing, craft making, or just playing ball with the boys. I was instructed to apply temporary tattoos on the children. Many of the tattoo designs included the well known Jesus fish with words like Faith or Hope. I would say Quieres solo, or Do you wantShow MoreRelatedThe Relationship Between Race and Ideology Essay971 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat there is no accurate meaning of the word race. Appiah uses in his discussions about race the writings of W. E. DuBois, his technique is to cite an argument made by DuBois, and give sufficient proof to refute it. He does this with several statements, and concludes that race is a misconception. Although he divides the world population in races, and gives answers to racism, he does not give an explicit meaning to the word race. He uses history, culture and languages, to form several groupsRead MoreGender Gap Essay754 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesargue that women are governed by their emotions, which could lead to many dangerous situations. Even though the United States has yet to have a female to be elected president, many countries have done so. These countries would include: Australia, Costa Rica, Slovakia, Denmark, Brazil, Germany, Chile, France, Ireland, and many more. These countries finally broke through the glass ceiling of gender roles. Though once this was broken, another woman was not elected again. These governments simply electedRead MoreThe Anxiety Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder921 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslevel. For example, I am a person with GAD who has an extreme fear of flying on airplanes. 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While United States officials prepared to limit their damages, the Nicaraguan captors televised HasenfusÃ¢â¬â¢ explanation of illegal actions by the United States and specificallyRead MoreThe Causes of US Intervention in Nicaragua1643 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespresident, Walker had to constantly fight off the efforts of Cornelius Vanderbilt, a man in control of a large international shipping empire who pursued to take Nicaragua from Walker. To protect himself from Vanderbilt and his allied natives from Costa Rica, Walker eventually surrendered to the United States Navy, and returned to the United States . Later that year, he attempted to relaunch his expeditions in Central America by attempting to sail from Mobile, but soon after landing at Punta ArenasRead MoreEssay about Reaching My Students Through Real World Experiences2039 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesteachers face the challenge of preparing their students for the real world. Students need real world preparation, not just acumen. Reaching my students involves building encouraging relationships and a sense of security within the classroom. Sharing my personal experiences, as well as the testimonies of others, can be an effective motivational tool for preparing college-bound students for the real world. My role as a teacher involves communicating the many obstacles college students face. Providing studentsRead MoreExecutive Management : Starbucks Corps Senior Vice President2190 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesits trademark to offer products in grocery stores and other venues. Starbucks has grown to become a well-recognized, widely successful company and its strategic use of human resource management has contributed greatly to its success. Its mission statement, Ã¢â¬Å"to inspire and nurture the human spirit Ã¢â¬â one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a timeÃ¢â¬ (www.starbucks.com), not only embodies their approach to customers but to employees as well. The company Ã¢â¬Å"exemplifies a whole new corporate approach to
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Red imported fire ants defend their nests aggressively and can sting repeatedly. Their venom causes a severe burning and itching sensation, and in rare cases, may trigger a life-threatening allergic reaction. Red imported fire ants can put people and pets at risk for stings, and impact wildlife populations. If youve got fire ants, you may need to treat your property to eliminate them. Before you rush out for some fire ant killer, though, you should be sure youve got fire ants. Ants play an important role in the ecosystem, and you dont want to kill the wrong kind. To identify red imported fire ants, look at three things: their physical features, the ant nest, and the way the ants behave. Differentiating Fire Ants From Other Ant Species Look for the following traits to identify red imported fire ants: Nodes: Fire ants, whether native or imported, have two nodes at the constricted waist between the thorax and abdomen.Antennal clubs: The antennae of fire ants (genus Solenopsis) consist of 10 segments, with a two-segment club.Small size: Red imported fire ant workers measure just 1.5 mm to 4 mm.Size variation: Red imported fire ant workers vary in size according to caste.Color: Red imported fire ants are reddish-brown, and the abdomen is darker than the rest of the body.Standard proportion: The heads of red imported fire ants will never be wider than their abdomens in any worker caste. It can be difficult to differentiate red imported fire ants from native fire ant species. We recommend collecting several ants from a suspected fire ant colony and taking them to your local extension office for confirmation. Identifying Red Imported Fire Ant Nests Fire ants live underground, in tunnels and chambers which they construct. When conditions are right for breeding, they expand their nests above ground. Looking at the construction of these mounds can help you identify red imported fire ant nests. Imported fire ant mounds tend to be constructed of loose, crumbly soil. They resemble the piles left behind by digging gophers.Mounds usually appear in spring or fall, or after cool, wet weather when breeding conditions are best.Unlike those of native ants, red imported fire ant mounds do not have an opening in the center. The ants enter the mound from tunnels below ground level.Red imported fire ant mounds usually measure up to 18 in diameter, but will often be considerably smaller.Fire ants build mounds in open, sunny locations.When the mound is disturbed, the white brood will be visible. The larvae and pupae may look like grains of white rice in the soil. Fire Ant Behavior Fire ants are the hotheads of the ant world. You may be able to identify fire ants by observing their behavior. Fire ants defend their nests aggressively. Any disturbance of the nest will elicit a quick response, with dozens of fire ant workers storming from the nest to do battle.Fire ants will typically climb vertical surfaces when disturbed. Look for fire ant workers on tall grasses or other surfaces around the mound. Of course, one sure-fire way to find out if theyre fire ants or not is to get stung (not recommended)! Fire ant venom causes an intense burning sensation. Within 24-28 days, the sting sites will form white pustules. If youve been stung by fire ants, youll know it.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(38) " some objects that associate with it\." In Vietnam, English is considered the most of import foreign linguistic communication, which is taught as one of the chief topics in schools every bit good as in universities and is besides used the most in communicating among other foreign linguistic communications. Harmonizing to the Longman lexicon of linguistic communication instruction and applied linguistics, English is used as a foreign linguistic communication or a 2nd linguistic communication to pass on with aliens who speak the English linguistic communication in non-English speech production states. The English instruction and acquisition at Thuong Tin High School is non really important in footings of the pupils Ã¢â¬Ë accomplishment. We will write a custom essay sample on Visual Aids Help Tths Students Improve Their English Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Particularly, the large concern is for English vocabulary keeping. At the terminal of the first term 2009 Ã¢â¬â 2010 merely approximately 50 % of the pupils got an norm of 5 and 6, and merely 8 % got 7 or 8 and the remainder got 3 or 4 in the English unwritten trial in the 2009 State First Term Examination. These figures have made the instructors of English in TT High School feel worried, they need to see the serious job carefully and happen out the best methods to better the state of affairs rapidly. This hapless accomplishment is non new but has lasted for old ages, and at that place have been many things done about it but the state of affairs has non improved. Students have been given excess lessons so that they have more clip to pattern their English, particularly English speech production lessons, they have been helped a batch with alteration before every trial. They have even been provided with well-prepared hand-outs of the points on which they are traveling to be tested and told what to larn to make the trials good. In malice of what they have been informed and reminded of, unexpected things have still occurred, pupils have non improved their accomplishment, and the fact that most pupils were non really adept in speech production and authorship trials which were shown on the study of first term. To happen out which factors are of import in linguistic communication acquisition, it is necessary to hold a close expression at societal factors every bit good as a figure of psychological dimensions of difference. Attitudes and motive, assurance, intelligence, linguistic communication aptitude, and linguistic communication acquisition schemes have besides been found to hold an consequence on linguistic communication scholars Ã¢â¬Ë success in their linguistic communication acquisition ( Gardner, 2001 ) . The research undertaking took topographic point at Thuong Tin High School located in Thuong Tin, a town about 30 kilometers from Ha Noi Capital and has been developing really fast. The people have become richer and a big figure of households have invested money in after school activities and private tutoring for their kids in English and other nucleus topics. If pupils and scholars have an first-class degree of English, they will derive credence to higher schools of larning and better-paid occupations. English is an of import and mandatory topic at about every school in Vietnam. Thus, normally pupils have to larn English for at least 7 old ages, from grade 6 to rate 12. In many schools in metropoliss kids start larning English in grade 3. There is even a tendency to larn English before simple school as their parents believe that the English linguistic communication is a utile investing for their kids Ã¢â¬Ës hereafter. Most occupations now require the appliers to hold cognition of English linguistic communication at certain degrees. Though English is taught from class 3 in primary schools, most high school pupils are hard to read an English paragraph fluently, talk to each other in English as a conversation, listen to a short debut on telecasting or compose a missive or even a paragraph of description in English good. The issue that why most TTHS pupils have still had low consequences on speech production and composing trials though they have been helped a batch before trials, and what possible solutions could be found. The TTHS instructors have had a serious treatment and come to conclusion that most TTHS pupils have low English vocabulary keeping and this has great influence on their speech production and composing trials. Students can non talk, listen, read and compose English if they do non hold plenty necessary English vocabulary. But what we, instructors, have to make to assist our pupils better their English vocabulary. More things must be done to alter the state of affairs for the better, and the concerns were carried out, such as ; motive, methods of instruction and acquisition, environment of instruction and acquisition, stuffs and inclusive of Visual Aids. The defined solution for this issue was that Using Visual Aids to assist pupils better English vocabulary keeping, because the instr uctors believed that there is no ways of larning vocabulary better than seeing the existent things or illustrated things. Most instructors of English agree that it is hard for them to hold successful lessons on vocabulary or communicating without ocular AIDSs and pupils will non be easy to understand and pattern if they do non hold certain ocular AIDSs for every undertaking because pupils do non hold plenty necessary vocabulary to pattern. The intent of this research is to find utilizing Ocular Aids helps TTHS pupils improve English vocabulary and the effects that ocular instruction schemes have on the academic accomplishment of TTHS pupils. Research inquiries: How do VISUAL AIDS aid pupils better English vocabulary keeping? What effects do ocular instruction schemes have on the academic accomplishment of TTHS pupils? LITERATURE REVIEW Ocular AIDSs Brown ( 1973:1 ) emphasizes that utilizing assortment of media, ocular AIDSs, will increase the chance that the pupils will larn more, retain better what they learn and better their public presentation of the accomplishments they are expected to develop. Furthermore, Finocchiaro ( 1974:63 ) provinces that the pupils will understand and retain better when they have been shown or taught some objects that associate with it. You read "Visual Aids Help Tths Students Improve Their English Education Essay" in category "Essay examples" Educational professionals have acknowledged the fact that pupils who struggle in reading comprehension because they may miss the ability to grok words. Joseph ( 2006 ) realised, Ã¢â¬Å" there are several attacks to learning word-reading accomplishments but few integrated systematic processs that facilitate command, construct eloquence and lead to keeping of accomplishments for fighting readers Ã¢â¬ ( p.803 ) . Students who struggle in acquisition accomplishments need specific intercessions to increase their reading degree and word cognition. These intercessions should be ongoing and occur early in the acquisition procedure in order to ease the cognitive burden at the pupils Ã¢â¬Ë current reading degree and for the following class degree. Using ocular AIDSs to heighten English vocabulary and vocabulary keeping is a scheme that has been researched and implemented into TTHS English classromms. With the usage of ocular AIDSs, such as ; reliable stuffs or illustrated things, pupils could increase their English vocabulary keeping every bit good as they can establish on their vocabulary to better their speech production, composing, listening and reading comprehension accomplishments. Joseph ( 2006 ) confirmed that pupils tend to be more motivated and take to finish assignments and undertakings that contain some points that are known to them and that appear to demand lower degree of attempt because they feel confident about their ability to finish such undertakings. If implemented decently, ocular AIDSs, which are reliable stuffs or illustrated things, can do on-going deffernces in pupils Ã¢â¬Ë ability to read with assurance independently and continually. It is the consistence of vocabulary intercessions that allows the fighting pupils to see the vocabulary footings within the reading transition if they are to spread out their cognition of the vocabulary term. This can do the difference in their proficiency of linguistic communication acquisition Dave ( 1975: 10-11 ) besides proposes some of the ocular AIDSs as follows: Real things and toys with different kinds, sizes and colourss are utile to draw pupils Ã¢â¬Ë involvement. Real things can be presented to pupils by agencies of field trip or conveying the object to the category for direct observation. Chalkboard or blackboard are certain to be the most utile instruction AIDSs, used in the category. They have the advantage of supplying points of attending for the category and they can be used for many intents. Pictures are flashed for a brief minute, therfore, the images should be simple and large sufficiency to be seen clearly by every pupil in the category. Wall charts or wall images are large documents with some images and words, utile for showing vocabulary to the category. From the account above, non all of media can be applied in the schoolroom ; the instructors have to choose the appropriate media that straight related to the acquisition procedure. Vocabulary appraisals should besides be used for a precursor to measure pupils Ã¢â¬Ë comprehension. Johnston ( 1997 ) pointed that Ã¢â¬Å" as childen spend more and more clip reading and authorship, many modus operandis and common forms become automatic, picking up velocity and really traveling through a different portion of the encephalon, no longer affecting witting attempts Ã¢â¬ ( p 145 ) . This is an of import factor if pupils are to go independent of the schoolroom instructor. It is of import to increase pupils Ã¢â¬Ë tool chest of vocabulary schemes. Harmonizing to Haycraft ( 1983: 102 ) learning AIDSs can be used for consolidating vocabulary, practicing construction and word order or for assortment of games. Besides, learning AIDSs can besides give a great aid to the instructor in the category. A scholar can non ever successfully learn English merely by listening to the account from the instructor. Ocular AIDSs help teacher give more accent on pronunciation of the words, vocalizations and wrong written of words. Furthermore, in vocabulary category, the scholars are encouraged to give their sentiments about the ocular AIDSs that are presented by the instructor, therefore the scholars can be more active in teaching-learning procedure. Ocular AIDSs are besides really utile to develop the pupils to talk and memorise the words automatically. Ocular AIDSs, particularly images are really utile in learning vocabulary to promote and actuate the pupils to larn the linguistic communication. As stated by Coppen ( 1969: 88 ) images are parts of ocular AIDSs. Ã¢â¬Å" The intent of image is to supply a stimulation which will arouse a peculiar response from the scholar. The image represents some action and in order to larn the appropriate words to depict the action itself must non be in inquiry Ã¢â¬ . Pictures are parts of ocular AIDSs. They may be used in learning the simple school pupils to avoid ennui. Brown ( 1973: 410 ) states some maps of images as follows: Media are used to learn the pupils to larn efficaciously. Pictures help the pupils read the books and finally interpret and memorize words. Edmund Fason ( 1959: 416 ) provinces that teaching-learning procedure with images will acquire win if the images are related to the stuff of the survey, images should be coloured and varied, colorful images intensify the pupils Ã¢â¬Ë imaginativeness. Using ocular AIDSs can give a great aid to the instructor in the category. The pupils will non ever be successful in larning English merely by listening to the account from the instructor or by reading many books. Using ocular AIDSs in vocabulary category promote the pupils to give their sentiments about the presented images. The instructor can do them more active during the teaching-learning procedure. Furthermore, blinking ocular AIDSs for a short clip is really utile for the pupils to talk and memorise the words automatically. Retention Retention should be a demand for the acquisition of vocabulary footings. Joseph ( 2008 ) makes these recommendations, Ã¢â¬Å" in specific environmental conditions, words that were taught were considered learned when they were read right on next-day keeping investigations. Wordss that were non read right on next-day keeping investigations were non considered learned. Previously taught but unconditioned words were retaught with the same instructional status until they were read right on next-day keeping investigations Ã¢â¬ ( p 298 ) . This would be a good process to follow if scholars are to highten their keeping of vocabulary footings. These keeping investigations were designed to mensurate pupils Ã¢â¬Ë vocabulary acquisition. Retention investigations were ever administered the twenty-four hours instantly following the instructional status and before another unit of ammunition of instructional conditions bagan. Each keeping investigation consisted of all the ocular AIDSs of unkno wn words that were taught in the previuos day-to-day sessons. The ocular AIDSs were exchanged and presented as one group of words to the pupils. Reiser and Dempsey ( 2007 ) provinces, Ã¢â¬Å" maximising larning with rich media involves two memories systems ; working memory and long term memory that shapes human larning Ã¢â¬ ( p314 ) . Methodology Subjects This research survey took topographic point in Thuong Tin High School in Thuong Tin town, 30 kilometers off from the Centre of Ha Noi Capital. The topics involved in this research were 40 pupils, they were in two different categories 12A2 and 12A3 ( aged 16-18 ) . They were indiscriminately selected to set into two groups: 20 pupils in the control group ( 12A2 ) and 20 other pupils in the experimental group ( 12A3 ) ( This means that the category 12A2 has 20 participants who belong to the control group, and the category 12A3 has 20 participants who belong to the experimental group ) . All of them are grade-12 pupils in the school twelvemonth 2009 Ã¢â¬â 2010 and travel to school everyday from Monday to Saturday. They have 3 English periods every hebdomad, each period lasts 45 proceedingss. The experiment lasted one month. After organizing two groups, a trial was given to pupils to look into their English vocabulary so that the research worker could guarantee pupils in two groups had the English vocabulary equality ( Appendice 2 ) . Instruments. Many ocular AIDSs were used when carry oning this research, this was done by utilizing images, existent things and illustrated things. To do clear the research inquiry, these following types of informations were collected: studies, pre-tests and post-tests, interviews, observations, and trial tonss. A study was given at the beginning of the survey to find if the pupils enjoyed larning English and their attitudes to the instructional manner of the category ( Appendice 1 ) . This helped me understand pupils Ã¢â¬Ë perceptual experience of the category and if any alterations, other than those used during the survey, needed to be made to maximise the pupils Ã¢â¬Ë academic public presentation. A Pre-test and Post-test were used before and after the research to happen out the difference between the pre-test consequences and post-test consequences in order to cognize whether studentsÃ¢â¬â¢vocabulary keeping has been improved ( Appendice 3A, 3B ) . Observations and trial tonss were besides used as measuring tools. In order to take notes and find the engagement and attitudes of the pupils, observations were used daily. Make the pupils respond otherwise to the assorted ocular AIDSs? Were the pupils on undertaking during a certain ocular scheme? Did the pupils enjoy some ocular schemes over others? Detecting besides made it possible to find if outside variables affected the pupils Ã¢â¬Ë trial tonss. Were the pupils holding a nerve-racking twenty-four hours? Did the pupils merely come back to school from a vacation interruption? To find if the usage of visuals affected trial tonss, trial tonss during the four hebdomad survey were compared with those from the old four hebdomads. At the terminal of the survey, the replies to the inquiries must be found ; Why do TTHS pupils speak, listen to, read and compose English so severely? How do ocular AIDSs help them better their English vocabulary keeping? Which effects do the ocular instru ction schemes have on the academic accomplishment of TTHS pupils? Design and Methods of Data Collection When implementing the experiment, the research worker used different ocular AIDSs in lessons, for illustration ; images, existent things and illustrated things were utilised instead so that pupils could understand the mentioned words and memorise them more efficaciously. Interviews were done earlier and after the research in order to cognize whether pupils were interested in the experiment, how they behaved during the research and what they achieved after the research. Observation was implemented in the procedure of research, this helped the research worker know that all the pupils in the experimental group took portion in the experiment on a regular basis. Trial tonss were done after the experiment finished, the trial tonss were collected from the pre-test consequences and the post-test consequences to demo the betterment and difference of utilizing ocular AIDSs in instruction and larning English vocabulary. Teaching activities that used ocular AIDSs were provided to the experimental group pupils in the category 12A3 in all the lessons ; listening, speech production, reading and composing lessons every hebdomad. Consequence Survey Results. The study that was given to the two English categories included five inquiries and five replies, Numberss 1-5 ( Appendice 1 ) . When asked pupils the five inquiries, the research worker found that there was a large difference about pupils Ã¢â¬Ë attitude to larning English, and larning English vocabulary with the aid of ocular AIDSs before and after the experiment. The consequence was compared in the Pre and Post-survey ( Appendice 1 ) . Questions Answers Before the experiment ( n=students ) After the experiment ( n=students ) 1. Make you bask larning English? Yes 32 68 No 48 12 2. If you do non like larning English, why? Because: Teaching methods 34 18 Lack of ocular AIDSs 46 62 3. Would you like to larn English vocabulary by watching ocular AIDSs, such as ; images, existent things or illustrated things? Yes 52 68 No 28 12 4. Make you believe you will better your English vocabulary better by looking at the ocular AIDSs when you are discoursing a subject? Yes 46 67 No 34 13 5. Should ocular AIDSs be used and taught on a regular basis and diversely in categories Yes 48 66 No 32 14 There were several trials ( a sample trial in appendice 2 ) given to pupils in the both groups to guarantee that the pupils in the experimental group was tantamount with pupils in the control group about the English vocabulary before the experiment. Groups Percentage of words that recalled and written down before the experiment 0 Ã¢â¬â 20 % 30 Ã¢â¬â 50 % 50 Ã¢â¬â 70 % 80 Ã¢â¬â 100 % Control group ( n=20 ) 2 8 7 3 Experimental Group ( n=20 ) 3 9 6 2 Interview Results In each group, 5 pupils were indiscriminately invited to interview before and after the experiment. They were asked to give replies to 3 inquiries ( Appendice 4 ) . The 5 pupils in the experimental group produced the same words as the 5 pupils in the control group before the experiment but the experimental pupils produced more words than the control pupils after the ezperiment. a. An interview before the experiment B. An interview after the experiment. Trials Consequences Pre-tests: Groups Number of words 10 Ã¢â¬â 40 40 Ã¢â¬â 70 70 -100 Control ( n=students ) 8 9 3 Experimental ( n-students ) 7 10 4 Pots-tests Groups Number of words ( n=100 words ) 10 Ã¢â¬â 40 40 Ã¢â¬â 70 70 -100 Control ( n=students ) 5 10 5 Experimental ( n-students ) 2 11 7 From the consequences of the post-tests, it was easy to happen that if pupils were provided with ocular AIDSs in their lessons. They could increase their vocabulary much better. Before the experiment, the two groups were tantamount in their vocabulary, but at that place was a large spread between the control group and experimental group after the experiment. The experimental group increased their vocabulary a batch more than they were earlier. However, the control group did non better their vocabulary a batch. Questionnaire Consequences After the survey clip, the 20 pupils in the experimental group were given a five inquiry interview about their feelings towards the category. The replies were categorized as either being understanding and dissension and compared with the consequences before the experiment.. Comparison of Agreement and Disagreement Responses from the Interview Question Answers from Ex-group ( n=students ) Yes NO Before After Before After 1 ) Do you like the English category? 8 15 12 5 2 ) Do you bask larning with ocular AIDSs 12 17 7 3 3 ) Do you believe the ocular AIDSs are assisting you? 10 14 10 6 4 ) Do you desire to hold ocular AIDSs in future lessons? 11 16 9 4 5 ) Are you motivated with and interested in larning English vocabulary with ocular AIDSs? 10 18 10 2 Discussion The aim of my research was to happen out how ocular AIDSs aid pupils better their English vocabulary and to detect if ocular acquisition schemes have an consequence on ESL academic accomplishment in a high school English schoolroom. The chief findings of this research show that there is a positive correlativity between the usage of ocular AIDSs and the consequences when utilizing studies, interviews, observations, and trial mark comparing Comparison of Averages from the Control and Study Periods Harmonizing to Dong ( 2002 ) , he found that when instructors use visuals, the pupils inquire more inquiries. During the survey period, I observed that the pupils in the experiment asked more inquiries than the control group. The pupils were interested in the ocular AIDSs and ever asked inquiries to clear up their misinterpretation. Decision This research indicates that pupils may larn in many different ways and instructors should make many things possible to back up and to run into the demands of all pupils. Ocular AIDSs can interrupt the linguistic communication barrier that separates pupils from instructors. Pictures, ral things or illustrated things ever helped to explicate both particular and common English words to the full. For illustration, the word Ã¢â¬Å" fire an employee Ã¢â¬ was given to pupils in a inquiry on a trial, but none of the pupils in the category knew what that word meant and seeking to explicate it did non assist either. The significance of the word was so made clear when I made a image on the board. This research would urge that instructors use as many ocular AIDSs as possible in their schoolroom. This research besides shows that ocular AIDSs can increase pupils Ã¢â¬Ë English vocabulary and better their vocabulary keeping. The most utile and popular ocular AIDSs were introduced in category were images, illustrated things, such as ; toys or theoretical account signifiers. For illustration, during the unit on autos, it was so easy for pupils to think and to cognize the parts of a auto when they saw images of auto parts or a toy auto. My research had a positive impact on pupil acquisition, English is rather a hard topic with tonss of vocabulary and visuals are the best manner to larn those words. There are besides a batch of subjects that have to be covered in an English category. Visuals, particularly images, are a great manner to demo pupils the overall construct and the minute inside informations of a subject. The pupils in my English category have learnt and improved their vocabulary a batch when I applied the ocular AIDSs in the category. As already mentioned, images were the most popular and effectual. There was a purpose behind each and every ocular. I carefully planned out how I would make and explicate each ocular so that pupils could execute good. Mentions Collier, V. P. ( 1992 ) . A synthesis of surveies analyzing long-run linguistic communication minority pupil informations on academic accomplishment. Bilingual Research Journal, 16 ( 1-2 ) , 187-212. Dong, Y. R. ( 2002 ) . Integrating linguistic communication and content: Education and Bilingualism, 5 ( 2 ) , 40-57. Duran, B. J. , Dugan, T. , A ; Weffer, R. ( 1998 ) . Language minority pupils in high school Hamblen, K. A. ( 1993 ) . Theories and research that support art direction for instrumental results. Theory into Practice, 3 ( 4 ) , 191-198. Mayer, R. E. ( 1989 ) . Models for understanding. Review of Educational Research, 59 ( 1 ) , 43-64. Gardner, R.C. ( 1985 ) , Social Psychology and Second Language Learning: The function of attitudes and motive, London: Edward Arnold Gardner, R. C. 2001. Language Learning Motivation: The Student, the Teacher, and the Researcher.Texas Papers in Foreign Language Education, Volume 6, A Number 1, A Fall 2001. Joseph, L. ( 2006, May ) . Incremental dry run: A flash card drill technique for increasing keeping of reading words. International Reading Association, 51 ( 1 ) , 90-92. Petrie, G. M. ( 2003 ) . ESL instructors Ã¢â¬Ë positions on ocular linguistic communication: A grounded theory. The Reading Matrix, 3 ( 3 ) , 137-168. Tan, A. , A ; Nicholson, T. ( 1997, June ) . Training hapless readers to read words faster better their comprehension of vocabulary. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89 ( 2 ) , 276. Appendice 1 Survey The servey was given to 2 categories ( each category consists of 40 pupils ) . Questions Answer Before the experiment ( n=students ) After the experiment ( n=students ) 1. Make you bask larning English? Yes 32 68 No 48 12 2. If you do non like larning English, why? Because: Teaching methods 34 18 Lack of ocular AIDSs 46 62 3. Would you like to larn English vocabulary by watching ocular AIDSs, such as ; images, existent things or illustrated things? Yes 52 68 No 28 12 4. Make you believe you will better your English vocabulary better by looking at the ocular AIDSs when you are discoursing a subject? Yes 46 67 No 34 13 5. Should ocular AIDSs be used and taught on a regular basis and diversely in categories Yes 48 66 No 32 14 How to cite Visual Aids Help Tths Students Improve Their English Education Essay, Essay examples
Monday, May 4, 2020
Questions: 1. In your own words, summarize the IMF report article, Australia,Ã IMF Country Report No. 15/275, September 2015 (pp. 1-21 only). In particular, what are the main messages of the article? 2. Using appropriate diagrams, figures and data collected to answer Are Melbournes housing prices overvalued?Ã a question raised in the above IMF report. Why or why not? 3. Examine the impacts of an increase in the foreign buyers stamp duty (tax) on the equilibrium housing prices, consumer surplus, producer surplus, and total surplus (or social welfare). Can an increase in the foreign buyers stamp duty (tax) raise social welfare? Why or why not? Can an increase in the foreign buyers stamp duty (tax) raise city governments tax revenue? 4. Discuss, explain and comment at least three other housing policies or measures to stabilize the housing markets and the economy. Answers: Answer 1 The article discusses rapidly growing price of houses in the Australia. The incidence of price rise is often considered as overvaluation in the housing market. However, some commenters discard the argument of overvaluation on the ground that measure used to value houses are actually flawed. The article critically evaluate argument and counter argument for housing price inflation in Australian housing market. It is argued that housing prices in the nation have increased at a faster rate than other contemporary countries indicating overvaluation of the equilibrium prices. In response to a rapid growth of per capita GDP housing price picked up a rising trend in mid 1990s. Housing prices had accelerated so fast that it soon overstate income growth leading to a rise in the ratio of housing price to income. Traditional measures such as ratio of price and income and that of price to rent have shown an overvaluation of houses by more than 20 to 25 percent. The growing price of houses attracts people to investment in property market. The fund requirement to make investment on houses results in a rise of debt to income ratio. The figures for debt to income ratio are consistent with is competitor countries such as Canada, New Zealand and UK. High debt ratio is an indicator of instable financial status and associate risk for the concerned industry. The argument of overvalued housing price is countered by stating price is computed based on absolute values. The use of difference of average housing price across countries to estimate housing price valuation is a problematic approach. According to this argument after a persistently low housing price for a period, the abruptly rising house price indicates a catch up rather than overshooting. Price to income ratio has recorded an increase in terms of all its measures. Despite having discrepancies in housing price with a comparatively high price of houses in coastal areas and capital cities, the price to income ratio is highly consistent within the nation. When comes to international platform, the comparison of price to income ratio becomes difficult because of differences in housing coverage and measures of disposable income. When comparison has made in international scale then Australia broadly appears in line with other competing nations. Not only house prices exceeds its equilibrium level but also the equilibrium itself rose to a considerably high level. Disinflation and financial liberalization are two factor contributes to a rise in equilibrium level of house price and consequent rise in debt. The changing dynamics of equilibrium make it difficult to devise a comparative analysis of property price across different countries. A low level of price and financial liberalization along with a low interest rate increases availability of credit and the serviceability of high debt levels increases leading to rising indebtedness and high ratio of house price to income. A suitable approach for estimating house price is to model housing price at times when transition to housing price has done completely. Under this approach, basic economic concepts of demand and supply side factors and difference between actual and forecasted value both are taken into consideration. In order to correctly asses housing prices econometric approaches are also used. Time series analysis based on suitable explanatory and explained variables, User cost approach and trend approach are some of the econometric methods for computing house prices. The general equilibrium framework illustrates the relation of real interest rate with debt or income ratio. Studies found clos inter-relation among high prices of housing, low interest rate and household debt. High house prices reflect the supply side constraint. Housing supply falls in short of demand creating an upward pressure on prices. One major factor contributing to high demand of housing is the rapidly growing population. The average population growth of Australia is greater than OECD average rate. Residential investment is consistent with OECD level with a low vacancy rate since 2006. Geographic constraint such as low availability of land or lack of infrastructure make housing supply inelastic. The relatively low response from the supply side result in a high proportional rise in housing price. Apart from geographical obstacles, household preferences and political factors further restrict housing supply. To address the issue of supply shortage, planning has been made for construction of new houses that can be added to existing supply. The relatively small response of supply to the growing demand though reduces the risk of overvaluation but fail to eliminate the concern. The crisis in housing market is more intense in Sydney than that in the national level. Prices in the property market has grown rapidly in the aftermath of Global Financial Crisis. Hike in housing price in Sydney is proportionately higher than that in other capital cities. Sydney having a relatively high income face huge pressure on demand as more and more people willing to stay in the city. Doubling investors loan in combination with low interest and intense competition have driven up housing prices in Sydney. Demand generated from foreigners is found to be an important factor pushing up prices in Melbourne and inner city of Sydney. No evidences are found on a weak lending standard or speculation. During this phase, a strong growth in mortgage lending is experienced while also lending growth remained strong. The loan to value ratio remain stable with a high quality of assets, increase in mortgage buffer and a high debt ratio among high income household is found. The relatively small credit gaps fail to mar any significant credit boom. Some specific areas of credit market needs special attention. Such as investors credit concentrating mainly on Sydney credit market has grown significantly. The overvaluation of houses does not matter, as Australian banks are able to stand with a big fall. The existing level of capital of banks though are likely to be enough to remain sorted in the phase of declining house prices but it is not sufficient to counter the worsening macroeconomic scenario. Answer 2 Sydney and Melbourne are two important capital cities in Australia that have experienced a massive gain in the housing prices. In these two capital cities, housing prices are overvalued between 25-50 percent (Baur and Heaney 2017). The figure bellow shows trend in median house price of some capital cities in Australia. As show from the above figure in terms of median house price Sydney outpaced most other capital cities. Melbourne stands after Sydney when compared with respect to median house prices. Housing price in these two regions exceeds prices in eight other capital cities. The data clearly evidenced an overvalued price of housing in Sydney and Melbourne. In terms of residential property prices, Melbourne outpaced most regions except Sydney. Various factors contribute to a rising housing price in Melbourne. The mismatch between supply and demand causes a disequilibrium in the housing market. The growing need of housing in Melbourne is not temporary rather it is due to permanent increase in population. The estimated population of Melbourne for 2020 is nearly over four million marking an approximate population growth of 25 percent in last 13 years. The massive increase in population creates additional need for residential houses. Another factor contributing to huge demand for houses in Melbourne is urbanization. Australia is one of the most urbanized nations of world. The population in capital cities is more two third of total national population. Among these Sydney and Melbourne alone have 40 percent population. In Melbourne urbanization has spread rapidly. There are favorable environmental conditions that affect urbanization. These are a stable temperature, access to natural resources and favorable agriculture. To enjoy the relatively stable temperature in Melbourne many people migrate to Melbourne leading to urbanization (Windsor, La Cava and Hansen 2015). An environment favorable to farming is one of the primary factor for urbanization in the city. Apart from these, various social factors work in favor of urbanization in Melbourne. With rapid spread of urbanization, Melbourne has become the second most populous region in Australia. Urbanization by attracting many people create an upward pressure on housin g price. In addition to rising pressure on housing demand from domestic buyers, growing demand also generated from foreign buyers. The foreign purchase of houses is more likely to occur in highly dense inner city of Melbourne. The recent rise in foreign investment in residential market leads to a considerable rise in price. The low interest rate in Australia allow people to borrow more funds and raise housing demand. A 10 percent rise in median price of house is equivalent to an increase in owners wealth of $817 per week. The supply side response to the growing demand of housing is relatively less. Because of shortage in suitable land and permit processes the supply capacity for housing is limited. The building industry in Melbourne cannot supply more than 140,000 accommodations in year. The estimated demand of housing in Melbourne is approximately 170,000 accommodations per year. This disparity between demand and supply of housing lead to overvaluation of housing price in Melbourne Answer 3 In Melbourne, demand from foreign buyers is one significant factor contributing to a rise in housing prices. There is not sufficient supply of house to meet housing demand. The foreign buyers have higher affordability than domestic buyers do. In order to meet demand for domestic buyers and making more house available to them, the stamp duty charges on foreign buyers have increased (claytonutz.com 2016). The effect of increased taxation is given in the following figures. In figure 5, DD is the demand for housing for foreign buyers. SS indicates the available supply of houses. The initial equilibrium price in the housing market is E. At this price, consumer surplus enjoyed by foreign buyer is given by the area of the triangle EP*G. By supplying houses at this price, sellers receive a surplus equal to the area of the triangle EP*H. Total surplus combines consumer and producer surplus together and is indicated by the area of the triangle EGH. Now suppose stamp duty at a rate of t is imposed on foreign buyers. The stamp duty surcharges increases from 3% to 7%. Because of increase in stamp duty surcharges, the demand curve will shift to the left from DD to D1D1. The demand curve shifts by the magnitude of change in tax rates that is by (7% - 3% = 4%). (Baumol and Blinder 2015). The tax raises the price payable by buyers from P* to P1. The price received by the seller is reduced from P* to P2. The difference between the two amounts is the amount of tax. Th e tax reduces consumer surplus from triangle EP*G to FP1G. As the seller receives a lower price, the producer surplus reduces from EP*H to IP2H. As all the reduced consumer surplus is not transferred to producers, total surplus in the market for foreign buyers reduces. Moreover there is a deadweight loss equals to the area of the triangle EFI. Once the demand for houses from foreign buyers reduces, there will be more house available for domestic buyers. This is shown by an outward shift of the supply curve from SS to S1S1. With the shift in the supply curve, a new equilibrium point E1 is obtained. At the new equilibrium point, price of housing to domestic buyers reduces from P* to P1 and available housing supply increases from Q* to Q1. Both consumer and producer surplus in the market for domestic buyers increases at the new equilibrium level (Fine, 2016). Total surpluses in the market increases. There are two effect on total surplus or social welfare. In the market for foreign buyers, total surplus reduces and there is a deadweight loss resulted from distortionary effect of taxation. In the market for domestic buyers, total surplus increases. The ultimate effect on total surplus depend on the magnitude of this two effect (Frank 2014). If effect in the market for domestic buyers dominate that on the foreign buyers, then social welfare increas The increased stamp duty raises tax revenue of the city government. This is explained in figure 5. The difference in the price paid by buyers and that received by seller is the amount of tax. With tax, the number of houses sold in the market is Q1. The tax revenue is given the area of rectangle FP1P2I. FP1P2I = (P1 P2) * Q1. Answer 4 From the IMF country report, it is seen that housing market in Australia has become highly instable in the last two decades. The housing price though initially started to grow in line with increase in per capita income, but the growth rate of housing price soon outpaced the income growth making house price to income ratio to grow. The speculative demand of housing increase peoples willingness to spend on property and the household debt as a percentage of GDP shows a recorded growth. Such speculation in housing market pull up prices. There is an associated risk of housing bubble burst that will create a wide spread recession in the nation. The instability in the housing market is not evenly spread across the countries. There are some capital cities where the problem is more severe as compared to others. Melbourne is one such city suffering from a rapidly growing house price. As analyzed above the instability in housing market is mainly due to its demand outpacing the supply. The rapid spread of urbanization and resulted population growth contribute to a massive growth demand for suitable accommodation. Supply on the other hand is limited due to geographic constraint, lack of infrastructural development and political factor. Therefore, to stabilize housing market, reforms should be initiated on the supply side. Given below are some of the policies that can resolve the supply side issues and help to stabilize housing market. Reduction in infrastructure cost Planning of infrastructure, their cost and provisioning lead to an added cost of housing. While the real housing cost should reflect the ongoing living cost. The living cost automatically y increases if the house is at a disadvantageous location indicated by unavailability of public transport, school, services and other job opportunities within its close-proximity. These days there are growing differences between house prices at expensive locations and in urban areas reflect hat people while buying houses not only value the infrastructure but also taken into consideration associated locational facilities. Therefore, before funding infrastructure government should first identify suitable location and then channelize funds to the most needed areas. To reduce locational disadvantage government should invest to made adequate availability of public transport, build school and offices. Increasing availability of land and relaxation of regulation The driving factor for new house supply is the resulted profit which in turn generated from an increased demand. There are several barriers to increase the supply of new houses. One such barrier is the limited supply suitable land for undertaking housing construction. One primary solution is to increase the supply of land and reduce regulatory complexities to use land. This does not mean to allow for random use to develop construction. The policymakers should understand the fact that availability of more land is not always positively associated with development of new houses. There is no use of flooding local market with same type of houses as this only reduces price and increase profitability of suppliers. Coordinate infill projects at a large scale should be conducted to add quality of houses in urban areas. The large-scale construction reduces cost of construction because of advantages of scale economies. However, such large-scale projects require government intervention to financ e initially high fixed cost. For this government should allow access to some of its owned land and provide other necessary support. Choice of appropriate location for building new houses Proper planning is an important tool to reduce housing price and make it available at an affordable range. There is an existing policy that focuses on making housing construction reasonable easy within a certain range on Central Business District (CBD). However, difficulties arise for subdividing or creating additional residences in the inner and middle range of CBD. The current policy provides such facilities up to a range of 20 km from CBD (abc.net.au 2016). However, residences are built unevenly in this range. The construction of houses within this range should be made uniform so that demand based on locational advantages should be uniform. References ABC News. (2016).Solutions to the housing affordability problem. [online] Available at: https://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-10-24/solutions-beyond-supply-to-the-housing-affordability-problem/7960710 [Accessed 5 Jan. 2018]. Baumol, W.J. and Blinder, A.S., 2015.Microeconomics: Principles and policy. Cengage Learning. Baur, D.G. and Heaney, R., 2017. Bubbles in the Australian housing market.Pacific-Basin Finance Journal. Claytonutz.com. (2016).New duty and land tax surcharges for foreign buyers of land in Australia - Knowledge - Clayton Utz. [online] Available at: https://www.claytonutz.com/knowledge/2016/june/new-duty-and-land-tax-surcharges-for-foreign-buyers-of-land-in-australia [Accessed 5 Jan. 2018]. Fine, B., 2016. Microeconomics.University of Chicago Press Economics Books. Frank, R., 2014.Microeconomics and behavior. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Imf.org. (2018). [online] Available at: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2015/cr15275.pdf [Accessed 5 Jan. 2018]. Windsor, C., La Cava, G. and Hansen, J., 2015. Home price beliefs: Evidence from Australia.Journal of Housing Economics,29, pp.41-58.